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Keep in mind that there is no set limit on how many steps a player can take before traveling, so always consult your rulebook for guidance before making any calls. In basketball, you must use one foot to pivot around the other in order to move your body towards the basket. Before doing this, you must lift your pivot foot off of the floor and place it into a position where it will be able to rotate quickly. Otherwise gains enough control of the ball to hold it, change hands, pass, shoot, or the player cradles the ball against his body.


If the player receives the ball in the air, the next foot to touch the ground is considered the first step. The ball should then be released before the player takes a second step and begins dribbling. If the player receives the ball with one foot touching the ground and progressing, the next foot to touch the ground represents the first step. However, if they are standing still while in possession of the ball, they can perform a certain maneuver that allows them to change direction. It’s called “pivoting”, and it could be one of the most useful techniques a player could learn. You can lift your pivot foot off the floor only if you immediately pass or shoot the ball before having it touch the floor again.

Giannis gathers the ball with his left foot and is allowed two step in any direction. A player who attempts a field goal may not be the first to touch the ball if it fails to touch the backboard, basket ring or another player. The second step occurs after the first step when the other foot touches the floor, or both feet touch the floor simultaneously. Many basketball coaches and players prefer to aim at the top corner of the backboard. Think of chair drills or especially the Mikan drill, only stretched out. It may prove helpful to research the “Mikan Drills” even if you think you know how to do all of them.

Traveling is a violation in basketball that will be called on you if you violate the rules of dribbling.An example of traveling is lifting your pivot foot off the floor. When pivoting, you must keep your pivot foot rooted on the floor. If you do not, your team will lose the ball, and you will return to defense. This is considered a legal move and will result in them taking two steps before coming to a stop. The player is then able to make their pass or shoot the ball.

The moment the ball comes to rest in your hand, you end your dribble. Dribbling again after the ball comes to rest is a double dribble, a violation. It would, however, make 95 percent of all the situations you’ll see easy to identify and penalize correctly; you can be ready for the others as special cases. Traveling begins with a definitionand then lapses quickly into a philosophical discussion, using words like game interrupter, tickytack and blind SOB. I’m not going to try to persuade you when not to call traveling. Instead, we’ll first go on a trip through principles and perhaps remind ourselves of a couple of details that might make future plays simpler to cover.

Tripod Lunge Step

A player that has come to a full stop and performed a pivot maneuver may begin dribbling only before the pivot foot leaves the ground. A player that can pivot effectively is a force to content with on the court. Learning to pivot as early as possible expands a player’s skillset considerably and helps them develop the skills to perform more advanced footwork. Players that master the art and science of the pivot will be a valuable addition to any team. If the player catches the ball with two feet on the court, they can choose which foot becomes the pivot. However, they cannot switch to the other foot after making their initial decision.

  • So after pivoting to a feet square position, player sweeps his swing foot in the same direction .
  • When the shooter’s feet and shoulders are already facing straight ahead towards the basket, a right-handed player’s footwork should go in the left–right order.
  • A player can pivot and reverse pivot as many times as they need to within five seconds, or a violation will occur.
  • Pivotis a French borrowing that slowly evolved grammatically in the English language.
  • The rise of the back pivots importance to players of all levels is proportional to the improvement of team and individual defense.
  • Traveling occurs when a player holding the ball moves a foot or both feet in any direction in excess of prescribed limits described in this section.

Combining the ready position, crossover, jump step and two-foot jump-stop is a highly effective and disruptive use of proper defensive footwork. This move is highly effective in protecting the basketball when trapped by two defenders. A player utilizing a pivot foot and adding a pass fake becomes very difficult to contain in a trap. This helps players trapped at half court or in a full-court press. Post players and rebounders also benefit from straight-line pivots and pass fakes to make outlet passes when trapped. Perimeter players use straight line pivots on the perimeter attack moves, such as a jab step, to set up a shot or drive.

Basketball Pivoting

Jump rope and run sprints to build your legs and agility. Practice trying to touch the net, or backboard, or rim every day. Do it from both a running start, and standing stationary under the basket. Now let’s take a player who already has possession of the ball on the outside. He/she makes a dribble move into the lane, picks up the dribble, takes one step, and then lands a two-footed jump-stop.

Inexperienced players often struggle with control issues, whether involving the ball or their own movements. Learning how to pivot effectively can help with these concerns, enabling players to handle the ball and play more effectively. Pivoting can be useful in a wide range of scenarios, from setting up scoring opportunities to evading defensive guards, or even maneuvering into a more advantageous position. Watch some videos of Kobe Bryant or Hakeem Olajuwon, and see how pivoting masters use the move to clear up space or avoid defenders. If the player catches the ball with one foot on the court, that foot is the pivot. Some coaches must not realize this, but a player who learns to properly pivot as early as possible will be at a huge advantage later on.

One-two step landing

The shooter’s feet should be in the ready position long before the ball is passed. The jab step is basically a combination of a pivot and a fake jump-step. This should generate movement towards your desired direction, not upward movement. Proper footwork helps enhance any player’s ability to play offense, defense, rebound or any other part of the game of basketball. Hopefully, coaches and players do not forget to focus on footwork during practices.

The height of the dribble or number of steps taken per dribble is irrelevant. The ball becomes dead and a throw-in is awarded to the opposing team out of bounds nearest the point where the violation took place under NCAA and NFHS rules. Under NBA rules, the ball is awarded to the opposing team at the nearest spot but no closer to the baseline than the free throw line extended. If a player lands with one foot he may only pivot using that foot. A player is not allowed to be the first to touch his own pass unless the ball touches his backboard, basket ring or another player.


Once a player has a pivot foot, they can not start dribbling again after picking up their dribble. Basketball players are not allowed to move with the ball unless they are dribbling, so they must always keep at least one foot established on the ground when holding the ball. This is called their pivot foot, and players can pivot on this foot as much as needed. Their other foot is free to step and move, but the pivot foot must maintain contact with the ground. Player catches the ball while moving or dribbling, The player stops with one foot on the floor and jumps off that foot to land simultaneously on both feet.

Dribbling On The Move – Speed Dribble

It is very important to actually be trying to beat the restaurant bookkeeping by exploding into a first step. This move should be done only if you read the defender and realize that you have not created a positional advantage. Place a chair, foul line extended, 15 feet out with the seat facing the basket. The easiest way to create an opportunity to score is to create space. The defense’s goal is to prevent the offense from scoring.

A player who falls to the floor while holding the ball, or while coming to a stop, may not gain an advantage by sliding. USA Basketball will host youth basketball clinics at Otero Elementary School in Colorado Springs, Colorado, on Wednesday, March 8. The on-court clinics will focus on fundamental skills in a fun environment for players of all levels and abilities.

Pivoting allows the player to change directions after picking up the ball from dribbling. A pivot should only be used to gain a positional or tactical advantage like maintaining balance, to get away from the opposing player or to protect the basketball. Once in the ready position following a two-foot jump stop, either foot may be used as the pivot foot. Virtually every basketball movement requires or can be enhanced with proper pivoting. We have called it a “Nash” in the past after Steve Nash, who I first learned it from. The back pivot is by definition a front pivot on the back foot.

Secondly it is also helpful to start holding the basketball under the chin with elbows up. Then position and sweep the ball up over the head or low near the ankles as this protects the basketball from defenders. When conducting coaching clinics, I find this technique is unfamiliar to many coaches, although as far as I know, it has been around for almost 60 years. The tripod lunge step is the absolute best way to learn or improve a player’s ability to do an off-hand layup. Some footwork techniques included here are time-tested basic fundamentals.

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They also have to shoot or pass the ball within five seconds. Let’s say the player catches the ball with one foot in contact with the ground. This could take place while dribbling or receiving a pass while progressing. The next foot to touch the ground represents the first step. In basketball, players in possession of the ball have a limited range of moves they can perform without being penalized.

  • Most players keep their entire foot on the floor when pivoting.
  • If a player, with the ball in his possession, raises his pivot foot off the floor, he must pass or shoot before his pivot foot returns to the floor.
  • If the ball is received with both feet in the air, the next foot to come in contact with the ground represents the first step.
  • Many coaches still prefer the inside foot 1-2 step, because when the shooter spots up and tends to be standing still, it is used to generate lift and rhythm for the shot.
  • This bio-mechanically correct contact point of the foot, combined with a low center of gravity, is the optimum position for basketball players to start any movement.

Pivot Foot helps you rotate the chair and work with different angles more easily. Here is the complete breakdown of basketball pivoting. Player on the floor and holding ball, stands up without dribbling. This is legal by NBA/WNBA rules, but illegal by NFHS/NCAA/FIBA rules. Also calledpivotman.the player who plays in the pivot position. If he fails to follow these guidelines, he has committed a traveling violation.

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A movement in which a player with the ball steps once or more in any direction with the same foot while the other foot is kept at its point of contact with the floor. Dribbling is the act of bouncing the ball to the court with one hand without interruption. It ends the moment you interrupt that bouncing by touching the ball simultaneously with two hands or by allowing it to come to rest a) hold the ball, b) move it laterally ; or c) rotate it .

It becomes a race, and the offensive player gets to say go. If playing against a quicker or active defender, use the jab step first to help set up your attack. The purpose of pivoting is to gain a positional advantage. Learning to pivot in the direction that gives the offensive player positional advantage is an acquired skill. A foot becomes a pivot foot, because it is the last foot to touch the floor, or the other foot leaves the floor first.

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